Bees make their honey, a sweet thick substance, from nectar, a sweet viscous secretion from the nectaries or glands of a flower. It contains a sugar concentration of up to 80% depending on which plant species, what type of soil the plant grows on, and weather conditions of the area. The plot twist comes where bees don’t just dive into any flower, but specifically know which flowers to go to. All flowers visited by bees have nectar, which is what is used to make their honey.
Flowers that contain nectar have certain features that make them stick out from the rest, enabling bees to be attracted to them. One feature is that they have radiant petals. These are modified leaves that cover all reproductive parts of a flower. Some flowers are dull, while others have sunny ones that even please the human eye. These parts are meant to attract agents of pollination such birds or insects so that even as they feed on the flower, pollen is carried on them from one flower to another hence conducting cross-pollination. As the flower benefits from pollination, bees benefit by being able to acquire their food which forms the main ingredient for their making of honey.
Another feature that enables them to stand out from the rest is the scent they emit. The way human beings and animals are attracted to things that smell good is also how flowers use their aroma to attract bees. Whenever there is a good smell coming from somewhere, chances are that there is a delicious meal being prepared. That is the same concept that works here with bees and other agents of pollination alike. The sweeter the scent, the higher chances bees have of drawing food from this flower.
The petals of flowers should be wide to accommodate a bee to dig deep. Their food is found at the bottom of the flower, and the large ones are needed to provide space for bees or any other insect or bird to dig deep without interfering with the plant’s reproductive organs. A flower with small ones would not be able to accommodate such a task without destroying the stigma of the flower and the filaments. Wide and flat flowers would be the best specimens for bees to draw their food from.
These insects are attracted to flowers that are symmetrical in nature, meaning if the flower was to be cut in half then the right side would be identical to the left. This enables them to navigate and move around the flower with ease, without having to squeeze themselves on one end while having it easy on the other end of the flower.
Most importantly, for a flower to be able to attract bees to it, it must have nectar. Without it, there would be no reason for the bee to land on it, let alone feed on it. This is primarily what they look for in every flower, making it a compulsory component for the bee to be attracted to it. No nectar in a flower means no bee will be landing on it anytime soon.
We should note bees are daytime insects meaning they do their feeding during the day. It is at day time when they can distinguish between colors since vivid colors are more visible during the day due to sunlight. Flowers that attract them should therefore be open during the day. Those that open their petals at night serve no purpose for what the bee is after.
Goldenrods, often confused with allergy-inducing ragweed, is supposed to have health benefits that include pain reduction and inflammation subsiding. These flowers have appealing golden yellow petals where bees will flock on as often as possible. Bee balm is also known to attract bees to it. This flower uses its fragrance to attract such insects to its direction where they can draw food from and in exchange they would pollinate this flower.
Black-Eyed Susan is a flower closely related to the sunflower, another prime flower that bees are attracted to. These flowers are dazzling in color which bees are drawn to, and have wide flat petals that provide good landing grounds for insects, even birds. Sunflowers too are known to use their color to attract bees to them.